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جهش هاي ژن GJB2 در ایرانیان مبتلا به افت شنوایی حسی عصبی غير سندرمي آتوزومي مغلوب

جهش هاي ژن GJB2 در ایرانیان مبتلا به افت شنوایی حسی عصبی غير سندرمي آتوزومي مغلوب

GJB2 mutations in Iranians with autosomal recessive non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss

Najmabadi H, Cucci RA, Sahebjam S, Kouchakian N, Farhadi M, Kahrizi K, Arzhangi S, Daneshmandan N, Javan K, Smith RJ

Hereditary hearing loss (HHL) is an extremely common disorder. About 70% of HHL is non-syndromic, with autosomal recessive forms accounting for approximately 85% of the genetic load. Although very heterogeneous, the most common cause of HHL in many different world populations is mutations of GJB2, a gene that encodes the gap junction protein connexin 26 (Cx26). This study investigates the contribution of GJB2 to the autosomal recessive non-syndromic deafness (ARNSD) load in the Iranian population. One hundred sixty eight persons from 83 families were studied. GJB2-related deafness was diagnosed in 9 families (4, 35delG homozygotes; 3, 35delG compound heterozygotes; 1, W24X homozygote; 1, non-35delG compound heterozygote). The carrier frequency of the 35delG allele in this population was approximately 1% (1/83). Because the relative frequency of Cx26 mutations is much less than in the other populations, it is possible that mutations in other genes play a major role in ARNSD in Iran. Click here to read more.